To understand the latest in thought regarding Artificial Intelligence (AI) it is essential to understand Game Theory. Basically, (Game Theory - see article)
it is an attempt to understand decision making in situations involving conflict.
In terms of Theosophy, this is a method of quantifying behavior and discovering the underlying mechanisms behind human nature. What Buddhists and others may have said using Sanskrit may not fly in our culture when presented by someone who is non-Buddhist. Therefore we have to frame in terms of our audience and what they're capable of understanding.
In this sense, the Prisoner's dilemma is a gateway into a number of scenarios, especially regarding the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This "game" figures prominently in the formation of ethical models for computers and other devices and their ability to act as independent agents.
Here is a very interesting link to a website dedicated to the Prisoners Dilemma
allowing you to play the game for yourself.